- n. 私刑；私刑处死；（英）田埂
- vt. 处以私刑；以私刑处死
- n. (Lynch)人名；(法)兰什；(英、德、西)林奇
1. 凌迟 => 私刑处死。
缩写自Lynch law,私刑法。词源有多种版本，其中一个版本是1780年美国弗吉利亚州某小镇治安长官William Lynch,因经常私自拘禁，惩罚，处死犯人而被人所知。
- lynch:  This verb for ‘punishing someone without an official trial’ owes its existence to one William Lynch, a planter and justice of the peace of Pittsylvania, Virginia, USA, who at the beginning of the 19th century took it upon himself to set up unofficial tribunals to try suspects. His rough and ready method of administering justice was termed Lynch’s law, later lynch law, and the verb followed in the 1830s.
- lynch (v.)
- 1835, from earlier Lynch law (1811), likely named after William Lynch (1742-1820) of Pittsylvania, Virginia, who c. 1780 led a vigilance committee to keep order there during the Revolution. Other sources trace the name to Charles Lynch (1736-1796) a Virginia magistrate who fined and imprisoned Tories in his district c. 1782, but the connection to him is less likely. Originally any sort of summary justice, especially by flogging; narrowing of focus to "extralegal execution by hanging" is 20c. Lynch mob is attested from 1838. The surname is perhaps from Irish Loingseach "sailor." Compare earlier Lydford law, from a place in Dartmoor, England, "where was held a Stannaries Court of summary jurisdiction" [Weekley], hence:
Lydford law: is to hang men first, and indite them afterwards. [Thomas Blount, "Glossographia," 1656]
Related: Lynched; lynching.
- 1. They also left a card, imprinted with the name Sean Lynch.
- 2. Despite attempts at resuscitation, Mr Lynch died a week later in hospital.
- 3. He received praise for the atmospheric monochrome shots in David Lynch's The Elephant Man.
- 4. Something approaching a lynch mob has been gathering against the Chancellor for even daring to consider higher interest rates.
- 5. They were about to lynch him when reinforcements from the army burst into the room and rescued him.
[ lynch 造句 ]