- vt. 分离；使分离；劈开；离开；分解
- vi. 离开；被劈开；断绝关系
- n. 劈开；裂缝
- adj. 劈开的
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自 Proto-Germanic*spleit,分开，来自 PIE*splei,分开，来自 PIE*spel,分开，劈开，词源同 spill,split,flint.引申诸相关词义。
- split:  Split was borrowed from Middle Dutch splitten. This, like German spleissen ‘splice’ and English splice , goes back to a prehistoric base *spleid-, which may have been related to *spel-, the source of English spill.
- split (v.)
- 1580s (transitive and intransitive), not found in Middle English, probably from a Low German source such as Middle Dutch splitten, from Proto-Germanic *spl(e)it- (cognates: Danish and Frisian splitte, Old Frisian splita, German spleißen "to split"), from PIE *(s)plei- "to split, splice" (see flint).
U.S. slang meaning "leave, depart" first recorded 1954. Of couples, "to separate, to divorce" from 1942. To split the difference is suggested from 1715; to split (one's) ticket in the U.S. political sense is attested from 1842. To split hairs "make too-nice distinctions" is from 1670s (split a hair). Splitting image "exact likeness" is from 1880. To split the atom is from 1909.
- split (adj.)
- 1640s, past participle adjective from split (v.). Split decision is from 1946 of court rulings, 1951 in boxing. Split shift is from 1904. Split personality first attested 1899.
- split (n.)
- 1590s, "narrow cleft, crack, fissure," from split (v.). Meaning "piece of wood formed by splitting" is from 1610s. Meaning "an act of separation, a divorce" is from 1729. From 1861 as the name of the acrobatic feat. Meaning "a drink composed of two liquors" is from 1882; that of "sweet dish of sliced fruit with ice cream" is attested from 1920, American English. Slang meaning "share of the take" is from 1889. Meaning "a draw in a double-header" is from 1920.
- 1. My cuticles were split and ragged, and my nails unevenly bitten.
- 2. The Republicans were deeply split between progressives and conservatives.
- 3. Her company has had to split up and work from two locations.
- 4. Yet it is feared the Republican leadership could split over the agreement.
- 5. He patented the idea that the atom could be split.
[ split 造句 ]