英 [hwiɡ] 美
  • n. (英)辉格党;(美)共和党党员
  • adj. 辉格党的;支持辉格党的
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Whig 辉格党(英国旧时激进党派,自由党的前身)


Whig: [17] Whig appears to be short for the now obsolete Scottish term whiggamaire. This presumably originally meant ‘horse-driver’ (it is assumed to have been formed from the Scottish verb whig ‘drive’, whose origins are not known, and maire, a Scottish form of mare ‘female horse’), but its earliest recorded application was to Presbyterian supporters in Scotland. It was later adopted as a name for those who opposed the succession of the Catholic James II, and by 1689 it had established itself as the title of one of the two main British political parties, opposed to the Tories.
British political party, 1657, in part perhaps a disparaging use of whigg "a country bumpkin" (1640s); but mainly a shortened form of Whiggamore (1649) "one of the adherents of the Presbyterian cause in western Scotland who marched on Edinburgh in 1648 to oppose Charles I." Perhaps originally "a horse drover," from dialectal verb whig "to urge forward" + mare. In 1689 the name was first used in reference to members of the British political party that opposed the Tories. American Revolution sense of "colonist who opposes Crown policies" is from 1768. Later it was applied to opponents of Andrew Jackson (as early as 1825), and taken as the name of a political party (1834) that merged into the Republican Party in 1854-56.
[I]n the spring of 1834 Jackson's opponents adopted the name Whig, traditional term for critics of executive usurpations. James Watson Webb, editor of the New York Courier and Enquirer, encouraged use of the name. [Henry] Clay gave it national currency in a speech on April 14, 1834, likening "the whigs of the present day" to those who had resisted George III, and by summer it was official. [Daniel Walker Howe, "What Hath God Wrought," 2007, p.390]
Whig historian is recorded from 1924. Whig history is "the tendency in many historians ... to emphasise certain principles of progress in the past and to produce a story which is the ratification if not the glorification of the present." [Herbert Butterfield, "The Whig Interpretation of History," 1931]
1. It was a strange conjunction — the prim serious young Queen and the elderly, cynical Whig.
那是奇特的组合——古板严肃的年轻女王和上了年纪 、 玩世不恭的维新党成员相组合.


2. I never yet could ascertain properly whether you are a Whig or a Troy.


3. It absorbed most of the dissenters from the dying Whig Party.


4. As expected, Clay was chosen as the Whig Party's candidate for president.
不出所料, 克莱被选为辉格党的总统候选人,但范布伦却出现了意外.


5. He began by pouring ridicule on the whig leader.


[ Whig 造句 ]