英 ['dʒəʊvɪəl; -vj(ə)l]
- jovial:  Etymologically, jovial simply means ‘born under the influence of the planet Jupiter’. It comes via French from Italian gioviale, a derivative of Giove ‘Jupiter’, which itself goes back to the Latin stem Jov- (from which English also gets Jove , as in by Jove!). Jupiter was thought of as endowing those born under its sign with happiness, and so by extension jovial came to mean ‘jolly, good-humoured’. The word Jupiter  itself represents a Latin compound of Jov- and pater ‘father’.
- jovial (adj.)
- 1580s, "under the influence of the planet Jupiter," from Middle French jovial (16c.), from Italian joviale, literally "pertaining to Jupiter," and directly from Latin Iovialis "of Jupiter," from Iovius (used as genitive of Iuppiter) "Jupiter," Roman god of the sky (see Jove). The meaning "good-humored, merry," is from astrological belief that those born under the sign of the planet Jupiter are of such dispositions. Related: Jovially.
- 1. Jovial ladies chivvy you into ordering more than you can eat!
- 2. When we next met, he was much more jovial.
- 3. He was falsely jovial, with his booming, mirthless laugh.
- 4. Father Whittaker appeared to be in a jovial mood.
- 5. Michael was in a jovial and optimistic mood.
[ jovial 造句 ]