- vi. 微笑
- n. 微笑；笑容；喜色
- vt. 微笑着表示
- n. (Smile)人名；(塞)斯米莱
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自中古英语 smilen,来自丹麦语 smile,来自 Proto-Germanic*smilijana,来自 PIE*smei,笑，高 兴，惊叹，词源同 smirk,miracle,marvel.并取代古英语词 smearcian,即 smirk.
- smile:  The Old English word for ‘smile’ was smearcian, ancestor of modern English smirk. This was descended ultimately from the Indo- European base *smei-, which also produced Greek meidos ‘laugh’, Sanskrit smeras ‘smiling’, Latvian smaidīt ‘smile’, and Russian smejat’ sja ‘laugh’. Smile, which from the 13th century began to push smirk towards the more specialized sense ‘smile in a self-satisfied way’, comes from the same base, and was probably borrowed from a Scandinavian source (Swedish has smila and Danish smile).
- smile (v.)
- c. 1300, perhaps from Middle Low German *smilen or a Scandinavian source (such as Danish smile "smile," Swedish smila "smile, smirk, simper, fawn"), from Proto-Germanic *smil-, extended form of PIE root *smei- "to laugh, smile" (cognates: Old English smerian "to laugh at, scorn," Old High German smieron "to smile," Latin mirus "wonderful," mirari "to wonder"). Related: Smiled; smiling.
Gradually pushed the usual Old English word, smearcian (modern smirk), into a specific, unpleasant sense. Of the eyes, from 1759. Figuratively, as indicating favor or encouragement, from c. 1400. Romance, Celtic, and Slavic languages tend to use a diminutive of the word for "laugh" to mean "smile" (such as Latin ridere "laugh;" subridere "smile"), perhaps literally "small laugh" or "low laugh."
- smile (n.)
- 1560s, from smile (v.).
- 1. The best thing to do when entering unknown territory is smile.
- 2. Haley studied her, an enigmatic smile on his face.
- 3. The smile disappeared to be replaced by a doleful frown.
- 4. She handed the cigar back to Jason with a self-satisfied smile.
- 5. He smiled, an odd, dreamy smile that sent chills up my back.
[ smile 造句 ]