来自拉丁语duodenum digitorium, 十二指肠。duodenum, 十二，来自duo, 二，-denum, 十，digitorium, 指。因其长度约略为十二根手指宽度而得名。
- duodenum:  The term duodenum, for the first part of the small intestine, originated as a measure of length. It comes from the medieval Latin phrase intestinum duodēnum digitōrum ‘intestine of twelve digits’ – that is, twelve finger-breadths long, or just over 20 centimetres. Latin duodēnī meant literally ‘twelve each’; it was a derivative of duodecim ‘twelve’ (source also of English dozen).
- duodenum (n.)
- late 14c., from Medieval Latin duodenum digitorium "space of twelve digits," from Latin duodeni "twelve each." Coined by Gerard of Cremona (d.1187), who translated "Canon Avicennae," a loan-translation of Greek dodekadaktylon, literally "twelve fingers long," the intestine part so called by Greek physician Herophilus (c. 353-280 B.C.E.) for its length, about equal to the breadth of twelve fingers.
- 1. The distal duodenum and jejunum remain on the right side of the spine .
- 2. This juice - about a quart a day -- pours into my duodenum, neutralizing acids.
- 这种消化液(每天约分泌1品脱)流入我的十二指肠, 把酸中和了.
- 3. After the colon, the duodenum is the most common site for diverticulum.
- 继结肠源, 十二指肠是憩室最多见的部位.
- 4. The stomach and duodenum may be considered logically as a unit.
- 5. My duodenum produces a substance called secretion, which empties into Joe's bloodstream.
- 我的十二指肠生产一种名叫分泌素的物质, 排入乔的血流.
[ duodenum 造句 ]