英 美 ['jæŋki]
  • n. 美国佬,美国人;洋基队(美国棒球队名)
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Yankee 美国佬

来自荷兰语Janke,即Little John,在17世纪,美洲的荷兰殖民者用该词来称呼英国佬,后来,英国佬用来称呼闹独立的美国佬,美国佬觉得这个名字还不错,就用到现在。

Yankee: [17] Yankee appears to have started life as a nickname for Dutchmen, and it is thought that it may represent Dutch Janke, a diminutive form of the common Dutch forename Jan. It was first used as a term for inhabitants of New England (where of course there were many early Dutch settlers) in the mid-18th century, and its application gradually spread to cover all the northern states and (more loosely, by non- American speakers) the whole of the USA.
Yankee (n.)
1683, a name applied disparagingly by Dutch settlers in New Amsterdam (New York) to English colonists in neighboring Connecticut. It may be from Dutch Janke, literally "Little John," diminutive of common personal name Jan; or it may be from Jan Kes familiar form of "John Cornelius," or perhaps an alteration of Jan Kees, dialectal variant of Jan Kaas, literally "John Cheese," the generic nickname the Flemings used for Dutchmen.
[I]t is to be noted that it is common to name a droll fellow, regarded as typical of his country, after some favorite article of food, as E[nglish] Jack-pudding, G[erman] Hanswurst ("Jack Sausage"), F[rench] Jean Farine ("Jack Flour"). [Century Dictionary, 1902, entry for "macaroni"]
Originally it seems to have been applied insultingly to the Dutch, especially freebooters, before they turned around and slapped it on the English. A less-likely theory (attested by 1832) is that it represents some southern New England Algonquian language mangling of English. In English a term of contempt (1750s) before its use as a general term for "native of New England" (1765); during the American Revolution it became a disparaging British word for all American natives or inhabitants. Contrasted with southerner by 1828. Shortened form Yank in reference to "an American" first recorded 1778. Latin-American form Yanqui attested in English by 1914 (in Mexican Spanish by 1835).
The rule observed in this country is, that the man who receives that name [Yankee] must come from some part north of him who gives it. To compensate us for giving each other nicknames, John Bull "lumps us all together," and calls us all Yankees. ["Who is a Yankee?" Massachusetts Spy, June 6, 1827]
1. Vermont Yankee has been subject to some sharp criticism.

来自英汉非文学 - 环境法 - 环境法

2. She remembered her hot joy in shooting the marauding Yankee.


3. Drunk and out with a -- a Yankee - loving Scallawag like Captain Butler!
又喝醉了,而且是和巴特勒船长一起喝的,而他是一个 ---- 一个喜欢北方佬的投敌分子啊!


4. Is dat Yankee lady gwine tek keer of me?
那北方佬的太太能照料我 吗 ?


5. Kay said tartly, " And you're more Yankee than Italian.
恺酸溜溜他说: “ 可你哪,与其说是意大利人,还不如说是新英格兰人.


[ Yankee 造句 ]