- adj. 生的；未加工的；阴冷的；刺痛的；擦掉皮的；无经验的；（在艺术等方面）不成熟的
- n. 擦伤处
- vt. 擦伤
- n. (Raw)人名；(英)罗
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 hreaw,未煮的，生的，来自 Proto-Germanic*khrawaz,生的，来自 PIE*kreue,带血 的肉，生肉，词源同 crude,cruel,pancreas.引申诸多相关词义。
- raw: [OE] Raw has relatives in German (roh), Dutch (rauw), Swedish (rå), and Danish (ra). These all go back to a prehistoric Germanic ancestor *khrawaz, whose ultimate source was Indo-European *krowos (other descendants of the same base include Greek kréas ‘flesh’, from which English gets creosote and pancreas, and Latin crūdus ‘raw’, source of English crude and cruel).
=> creosote, crude, cruel, pancreas
- raw (adj.)
- Old English hreaw "uncooked, raw," from Proto-Germanic *khrawaz (cognates: Old Norse hrar, Danish raa, Old Saxon hra, Middle Dutch rau, Dutch rauw, Old High German hrawer, German roh), from PIE root *kreue- (1) "raw flesh" (cognates: Sanskrit kravih "raw flesh," krura- "bloody, raw, hard;" Greek kreas "flesh;" Latin crudus "not cooked," cruor "thick blood;" Old Irish cru, Lithuanian kraujas, Old Church Slavonic kruvi "blood;" Old English hrot "thick fluid, serum").
Meaning "tender, sore" is from late 14c.; of persons, "inexperienced" from 1560s; of weather, "damp and chilly" first recorded 1540s. Related: Rawly; rawness. Raw material is from 1796, with sense of "in a rudimental condition, unfinished." Phrase in the raw "naked" (1921) is from the raw "exposed flesh," attested from 1823. Raw deal "harsh treatment" attested by 1893.
- 1. Use separate chopping boards for raw meats, cooked meats, vegetables and salads.
- 2. The mere mention of John had touched a very raw nerve indeed.
- 3. He also wanted to see Bangladesh in the raw.
- 4. Half of it is burned and half of it is raw.
- 5. Discharge of raw sewage into the sea is unsanitary and unsafe.
[ raw 造句 ]