英 ['eksɪmə; 'ekzɪmə]
1. literally "something thrown out by heat".
2. ec- "out" + -zema "heat, boil" (谐音“热吗”).
ec-, 向外。-zema, 起泡，词源同yeast.
- eczema:  A person suffering from eczema has a skin that is, in a rather gruesome metaphor, ‘boiling over’. The word comes from Greek ékzema ‘eruption’, a compound formed from the prefix ek- ‘out’ and the verb zein ‘boil, ferment’. This in turn goes back to the Indo-European base *jes-, source also of Sanskrit yas- ‘boil, foam’, Welsh ias ‘boiling’, and English yeast.
- eczema (n.)
- 1753, from Greek ekzema, literally "something thrown out by heat," from ekzein "to boil over, break out," from ek "out" (see ex-) + zein "to boil," from PIE root *yes- "to boil, foam, bubble" (see yeast). Said to have been the name given by ancient physicians to "any fiery pustule on the skin" [Chambers' "Cyclopaedia"].
- 1. Eczema is a common skin complaint which often runs in families.
- 2. He has a simplistic view of the treatment of eczema.
- 3. He grew out of his eczema as he got older.
- 4. A range of ointments and creams is available for the treatment of eczema.
- 5. It's a chicken and egg situation. Does the deficiency lead to the eczema or has the eczema led to certain deficiencies?
[ eczema 造句 ]