后缀:-ish ①[形容词后缀]

1、加在名词之后,表示如...的、似...的、有...性质的

childish 如小孩的

girlish 如小女的

womanish 女子气的

devilish 魔鬼似的

boyish 如男孩的

moonish 似月亮的

hellish 地狱似的

bookish 书生气的

foolish 愚蠢的,笨的

piggish 猪一样的

wolfish 狼似的

monkish 似僧的

slavish 奴隶般的

youngish 还年轻的

2、加在形容词之后,表示含有某种程序的、略...的、稍...的

coldish 略寒的,稍冷的

warmish 稍暖的

oldish 略老的,稍旧的

tallish 略高的

sweetish 略甜的

wettish 略湿的

greenish 略带绿色的

yellowish 微黄的

longish 略长的,稍长的

fattish 稍胖的

slowish 稍慢的

2、表示某国的或某民族的、兼表某国的语言

English 英国的,英语

Swedish 瑞典的,瑞典语

Spanish 西班牙的,西班牙语

Polish 波兰的,波兰语

Irish 爱尔兰的,爱尔兰语

Finnish 芬兰的,芬兰语

Turkish 土耳其的,土耳其语

Danish 丹麦的,丹麦语

②[动词后缀]

表示做...、致使...、造成...、成为...

nourish 滋养,养育

establish 设立,建造

flourish 繁荣,兴旺

improverish 使穷困

diminish 使缩小,变小

vanish 消逝

publish 公布

finish 结束

词根词缀:arseno-, arsen-

【来源及含义】Greek > Latin: yellow orpiment [pigment of gold]; arsenic trisulfide, having a lemon-yellow color and a resinous luster; used as a pigment

【同源单词】arseniasis, arsenic, arsenotherapy

词根词缀:aster-, -aster, -astrous

【来源及含义】Greek: star, stars

【同源单词】aster, aster yellows, asteria, asterial, asteriated, asterion

词根词缀:auri-, auro-, aur-

【来源及含义】Latin: gold, yellow

【相关描述】Don't confuse this word family with another auri- family unit which means "ear".

【同源单词】aureate, aureole, auriargentiferous, auric, aurid, auriferous

词根词缀:chloro-, chlor-

【来源及含义】Greek: Chloris, goddess; the color green, yellow-green, or light green

【同源单词】bacteriochlorophyll, chimochlorous, chloralomania, chloralum, Chloranthaceae, chloranthaceous

词根词缀:choledocho-, choledoch-

【来源及含义】Greek: choledochos, from chole, "bile" + dechomai, "to receive"; the common bile duct or tube; conveying bile; containing bile, which is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and passes through the common bile duct into the first section of the small intestine or duodenum where it helps to digest fat

【同源单词】choledochal, choledochectasia, choledochectomy, choledochitis, choledochocholedochostomy, choledochoduodenostomy

词根词缀:chryso-, chrys-

【来源及含义】Greek: the color gold, golden, golden yellow

【同源单词】chrysaline, chrysalis, chrysanthemum, chryselephantine, chrysiasis, chrysoberyl

词根词缀:cirrho-

【来源及含义】Greek kirrhos: orange-yellow > New Latin cirrhosis: diseased condition of the liver

【同源单词】alcoholic cirrhosis, atrophic cirrhosis, cardiac cirrhosis, cirrhogenous, cirrhonosus, cirrhosis

词根词缀:flav-, flavo-, flavi-

【来源及含义】Latin: the color [reddish] yellow

【同源单词】acriflavine, bioflavonoid, flavescent, flavicomous, flavin, flavivirus

词根词缀:jaundi-, jaun-

【来源及含义】Latin: originally galbinus, "greenish yellow" related to galbanus, "yellow" then formed with the intrusive d; from Old French jaunice, jaunisse from jaune, "yellow"

【同源单词】bejaundice, jaundice, jaundiced, pseudojaundice, yellow fever