来 自 古 英 语 sibling, 亲 戚 ， 亲 属 ， 来 自 sibb, 亲 戚 ， 亲 属 ， -ling, 小 词 后 缀 ， 来 自 Proto-Germanic*sibja,血缘关系，同血脉，来自 PIE*swe,自己的，词源同 self,sister,swain.该词 原指有血缘联系的相对疏远的亲戚或亲属，后词义强化为有亲密血缘联系的兄弟或姐妹。
- sibling (n.)
- "brother or sister," 1903, modern revival (in anthropology) of Old English sibling "relative, kinsman," from sibb "kinship, relationship; love, friendship, peace, happiness," from Proto-Germanic *sibja- "blood relation, relative," properly "one's own" (cognates: Old Saxon sibba, Old Frisian, Middle Dutch sibbe, Old High German sippa, German Sippe, Gothic sibja "kin, kindred"), from PIE s(w)e-bh(o)- (cognates: Old Church Slavonic sobistvo, Russian sob "character, individuality"), an enlargement of the root *swe- "self" (see idiom). Related to the second element in gossip.
The word 'sib' or 'sibling' is coming into use in genetics in the English-speaking world, as an equivalent of the convenient German term 'Geschwister' [E.&C. Paul, "Human Heredity," 1930]
In Old English, sibb and its compounds covered grounds of "brotherly love, familial affection" which tended later to lump into love (n.), as in sibsumnes "peace, concord, brotherly love," sibbian (v.) "bring together, reconcile," sibbecoss "kiss of peace." Sibship, however, is a modern formation (1908). Sib persisted through Middle English as a noun, adjective, and verb expressing kinship and relationship.
- 1. Sibling rivalry often causes parents anxieties.
- 2. These latter, therefore, represent'sibling species'such as have been described in other organisms.
- 因此后者呈现出诸如在其它生物 中曾 描述过的那种姊妹种.
- 3. The word'sib " is a contraction of'sibling ".
- “同胞 ” 是“同胞兄弟 ” 的简称.
- 4. Many of us hate living in the shadows of a more successful sibling.
- 5. Bob: She was there, and she looked as young as my sibling.
- 鲍勃: 她也在, 她看起来像我的姊妹一样年轻.
[ sibling 造句 ]