英 [kwɑːm; kwɔːm]
- qualm (n.)
- Old English cwealm (West Saxon) "death, murder, slaughter; disaster; plague; torment," utcualm (Anglian) "utter destruction," probably related to cwellan "to kill, murder, execute," cwelan "to die" (see quell). Sense softened to "feeling of faintness" 1520s; figurative meaning "uneasiness, doubt" is from 1550s; that of "scruple of conscience" is 1640s.
Evidence of a direct path from the Old English to the modern senses is wanting, but it is plausible, via the notion of "fit of sickness." The other suggested etymology, less satisfying, is to take the "fit of uneasiness" sense from Dutch kwalm "steam, vapor, mist" (cognate with German Qualm "smoke, vapor, stupor"), which also might be ultimately from the same Germanic root as quell.
- 1. Did she see her husband as capable of murder? She had used the word without a qualm.
- 2. Hurstwood suffered a qualm of body as the car rolled up.
来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹
- 3. The doctor seemed seized with a qualm of faintness.
- 4. Lastly she arrived at the tresses and felt a qualm of disgust.
- 5. They never know that exam make us qualm and dissatisfaction.
[ qualm 造句 ]