CET6+ TEM4 GRE TOEFL
1. 区别：creek, crook: creek <====> 河(汉语拼音：he)，creek中间的字母e与河的拼音的韵母相同，由此与“河”联系在一起，还有就是“河流”不是封闭的环状，因此字母o不合适，而是像字母e一样的九曲十八弯，然后流入大海、水最终会流出；crook => cr- "bent, hooked" + hook, 其中间的字母o像环状的弯曲物或钩状物。
- creek:  Now firmly associated with watercourse, the original connotations of creek seem to have been of ‘narrow and secluded bendiness’. It appears to have been borrowed from Old Norse kriki ‘nook’, which some have speculated may be related to Old Norse krōkr ‘hook’ (source of English crook). Creek remains strictly a word for narrow waterways, a reminder of its beginnings.
- creek (n.)
- mid-15c., creke "narrow inlet in a coastline," altered from kryk (early 13c.; in place names from 12c.), probably from Old Norse kriki "corner, nook," perhaps influenced by Anglo-French crique, itself from a Scandinavian source via Norman. Perhaps ultimately related to crook and with an original notion of "full of bends and turns" (compare dialectal Swedish krik "corner, bend; creek, cove").
Extended to "inlet or short arm of a river" by 1570s, which probably led to use for "small stream, brook" in American English (1620s). Also used there and in Canada, Australia, New Zealand for "branch of a main river," possibly from explorers moving up main rivers and seeing and noting mouths of tributaries without knowing they often were extensive rivers of their own. Slang phrase up the creek "in trouble," often especially "pregnant," first recorded 1941, perhaps originally armed forces slang for "lost while on patrol."
- Indian tribe or confederation, 1725, named for creek, the geographical feature, and abbreviated from Ochese Creek Indians, from the place in Georgia where English first encountered them. Native name is Muskogee, a word of uncertain origin.
- 1. He was transferred to Shoal Creek Mental Institution for an indefinite period.
- 2. It was still light when we arrived at Lalong Creek.
- 3. People sunbathe in the nude on the rocks above the creek.
- 4. I'll be up the creek if I don't pass this history test.
- 5. He sprang through the creek.
[ creek 造句 ]