- n. 布道；训诫；启示；冗长的讲话
- vt. 对…布道；对…说教
- vi. 布道
- n. (Sermon)人名；(英)瑟蒙；(意)塞尔蒙
CET6+ TEM4 GRE CET6
来自拉丁语 sermonem,说话，谈话，讨论，演说，字面意思即把字词组合在一起，来自 PIE*ser, 连接，排列，词源同 serial,series,sort.-mon,名词后缀。现词义缩写自 sermo religiosus,说道， 布教，字面意思即 religious sermon,宗教演说，宗教讲演。
- sermon:  Latin sermō meant simply ‘talk, conversation, discourse’, but by the time it reached English via Anglo-Norman sermun it had narrowed down to an ‘address given from a pulpit on a religious topic’. It is not clear what its ultimate ancestry is, but probably the favourite candidate as its source is the Indo-European base *swer-, *swar-, which gave English answer and swear.
- sermon (n.)
- c. 1200, sarmun, "a discourse upon a text of scripture; what is preached," from Anglo-French sermun, Old French sermon "speech, words, discourse; church sermon, homily" (10c.), from Latin sermonem (nominative sermo) "continued speech, conversation; common talk, rumor; learned talk, discourse; manner of speaking, literary style," originally "a stringing together of words," from PIE *ser-mo-, suffixed form of root *ser- (3) "to line up, join" (see series).
Main modern sense in English and French is elliptical for Latin sermo religiosus. In transferred (non-religious) use from 1590s. The Sermon on the Mount is in 5,6,7 Matt. and 6 Luke. Related: Sermonic; sermonical; sermonish.
- 1. At High Mass the priest preached a sermon on the devil.
- 2. Sometimes the rector came up and preached a sermon.
- 3. The minister preaches a sermon now and then.
- 4. Don't preach me a sermon, please.
- 5. If I wanted to pad out my sermon a little, I might offer my congregation one of my favourite quotations.
[ sermon 造句 ]