- n. 大门；出入口；门道
- vt. 给…装大门
- n. (Gate)人名；(英)盖特；(法、瑞典)加特
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- gate: Of the two English words gate, only one survives in general use. Gate ‘doorlike structure’ [OE] comes from a prehistoric Germanic *gatam, whose other descendants, including Dutch gat ‘hole, opening’, suggest that it originally denoted an ‘opening in a wall’ rather than the ‘structure used to close such an opening’. Irish has borrowed it as geata.
The other gate ‘way, path’  now survives only in street-names, particularly in the North of England (for instance, York’s Micklegate and Coppergate); its other main meaning, ‘way of walking’, has been partitioned off since the 18th century in the spelling gait. It was borrowed from Old Norse gata ‘path, passage’, which comes ultimately from prehistoric Germanic *gatwōn.
- gate (n.)
- "opening, entrance," Old English geat (plural geatu) "gate, door, opening, passage, hinged framework barrier," from Proto-Germanic *gatan (cognates: Old Norse gat "opening, passage," Old Saxon gat "eye of a needle, hole," Old Frisian gat "hole, opening," Dutch gat "gap, hole, breach," German Gasse "street"), of unknown origin. Meaning "money collected from selling tickets" dates from 1896 (short for gate money, 1820). Gate-crasher is from 1926 as "uninvited party guest;" 1925 in reference to motorists who run railway gates. Finnish katu, Lettish gatua "street" are Germanic loan-words.
- gate (v.)
- "provide with a gate," 1906, from gate (n.). Originally of moulds. Related: Gated (1620s). Gated community recorded by 1989 (earliest reference to Emerald Bay, Laguna Beach, Calif.).
- 1. He reached the garden gate and thrust his way through it.
- 2. We gave the gate money to the St John Ambulance brigade.
- 3. They used a lorry to ram the main gate.
- 4. You left the latch off the gate and the dog escaped.
- 5. He opened the gate and smilingly welcomed the travellers home.
[ gate 造句 ]