- record[record 词源字典]
- record:  To record something is etymologically to commit it to one’s ‘heart’. The word comes via Old French recorder from Latin recordārī ‘go over in one’s mind, ponder, remember’. This was a compound verb based on Latin cor ‘heart’ (source of English concord, cordial , courage, etc), used metaphorically in the sense ‘mind’. The notion of ‘putting something down in writing or other permanent form’ did not emerge until the Old French stage in the word’s history. The derivative recorder ‘woodwind instrument’  depends on a now obsolete sense of record, ‘practise a tune’.
=> concord, cordial, courage, quarry[record etymology, record origin, 英语词源]
- record (v.)
- c. 1200, "to repeat, reiterate, recite; rehearse, get by heart," from Old French recorder "tell, relate, repeat, recite, report, make known" (12c.) and directly from Latin recordari "remember, call to mind, think over, be mindful of," from re- "restore" (see re-) + cor (genitive cordis) "heart" (as the metaphoric seat of memory, as in learn by heart), from PIE root *kerd- (1) "heart" (see heart (n.)). Meaning "set down in writing" first attested mid-14c.; that of "put sound or pictures on disks, tape, etc." is from 1892. Related: Recorded; recording.
- record (n.)
- c. 1300, "testimony committed to writing," from Old French record "memory, statement, report," from recorder "to record" (see record (v.)). Meaning "written account of some event" is from late 14c. Meaning "disk on which sounds or images have been recorded" is first attested 1878. That of "best or highest recorded achievement in sports, etc." is from 1883. Phrase on the record is from 1900; adverbial phrase off the record "confidentially" is attested from 1906. Record-player attested from 1919.