- vi. 挣扎，折腾；错乱地做事或说话
- n. 挣扎，辗转；比目鱼
TEM8 GRE TOEFL
1、flounce + blunder.
2. flat => flounder "flatfish" (suffixed and nasalized form).
3. 同源名称的比目鱼：flatfish, plaice, fluke, flounder.
4. perhaps an alteration of founder.
5. perhaps native verbs in fl- expressing clumsy motion, symbolic fl- frequently beginning words connected with swift or sudden movement. See other terms beginning with fl, such as flutter, flitter, float, flap, flub, flip.
6. perhaps a blend of founder and blunder.
8. flo＝flow / float + under => 在水下流动、浮动，不挣扎的话就等着淹死吧。
9. 源自founder 摔倒，沉没→沉在底部，flounder 指还能走，比founder 多个l，看成撑着的木杖。
10. flow + under 脚下是湍急的流水、河水，你挣扎，艰苦地移动，因为脚下的水湍流不息、非常湍急。
来自辅音丛fl, 扑腾，拍打，拟声词，词源同flap, flag, flutter. 引申词义挣扎，折腾。flounder 比目鱼
来自PIE*plat的鼻音扩大形式，平的，词源同flat, platypus. 用来指比目鱼。
- flounder (v.)
- "struggle awkwardly and impotently," especially when hampered somehow, 1590s, of uncertain origin, perhaps an alteration of founder (q.v.), influenced by Dutch flodderen "to flop about," or native verbs in fl- expressing clumsy motion. Figurative use is from 1680s. Related: Floundered; floundering. As a noun, "act of struggling," by 1867.
- flounder (n.)
- "flatfish," c. 1300, from Anglo-French floundre, Old North French flondre, from Old Norse flydhra, from Proto-Germanic *flunthrjo (cognates: Middle Low German vlundere, Danish flynder, Old Swedish flundra "flatfish"), suffixed and nasalized form of PIE *plat- "to spread" (cognate: Greek platys "flat, wide, broad;" see plaice (n.)).
- 1. What a pity that his career was left to flounder.
- 2. Mr. Dambar had loaded his plate with stuffed flounder.
- 3. The plane had begun to drop and flounder wildly.
- 4. He couldn't swim and just flounder about in the water.
- 5. She could only flounder through her song.
[ flounder 造句 ]