- n. 骑士精神（复数chivalries）；骑士制度
TEM8 GRE TOEFL
来自拉丁词caballus, 马，指骑马的战士。-ry, 名词后缀。
- chivalry:  Etymologically, chivalry is the practice of riding horses. It comes from Old French chivalerie, a derivative of medieval Latin caballārius (related to, and perhaps direct source of, English cavalier). This meant ‘horseman’, and was formed from Latin caballus ‘horse’ (whence French cheval). The meaning of chivalerie had two main strands, both of them adopted into English: on the one hand ‘mounted soldiery’ (a sense superseded by the related cavalry), and on the other ‘knightly behaviour’.
=> cavalier, cavalry
- chivalry (n.)
- c. 1300, "body or host of knights; knighthood in the feudal social system; bravery in war, warfare as an art," from Old French chevalerie "knighthood, chivalry, nobility, cavalry, art of war," from chevaler "knight," from Medieval Latin caballarius "horseman," from Latin caballus "nag, pack-horse" (see cavalier). From late 14c. as "the nobility as one of the estates of the realm," also as the word for an ethical code emphasizing honor, valor, generosity and courtly manners. Modern use for "social and moral code of medieval feudalism" probably is an 18c. historical revival.
- 1. Marie seemed to revel in his old-fashioned chivalry.
- 2. The Middle Ages were also the great age of chivalry.
- 3. He was admired for his chivalry.
- 4. The legend of king arthur represent the apotheosis of chivalry.
- 5. He admires the chivalry of knights in Middle Ages.
[ chivalry 造句 ]