英 [,suːpə'fɪʃ(ə)l; ,sjuː-]
- adj. 表面的；肤浅的 ；表面文章的；外表的；（人）浅薄的
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
1. super- "above" + fici- + -al.
2. => of the surface.
3. => concerned only with outward appearances.
4. => "not deep, without thorough understanding, cursory" (of perceptions, thoughts, etc.).
- superficial:  Superficial means literally ‘of the surface’. It comes from Latin superficiālis, a derivative of superficiēs ‘surface’. This was a compound noun formed from the prefix super- ‘above’ and faciēs ‘face’ (ancestor of English face). The main modern sense, ‘concerned only with outward appearances’, emerged in the 16th century.
=> face, surface
- superficial (adj.)
- late 14c., in anatomical and mathematical uses, "of or relating to a surface," from Late Latin superficialis "of or pertaining to the surface," from superficies "surface, upper side, top," from super "above, over" (see super-) + facies "form, face" (see face (n.)). Meaning "not deep, without thorough understanding, cursory, comprehending only what is apparent or obvious" (of perceptions, thoughts, etc.) first recorded early 15c. (implied in superficially "not thoroughly").
- 1. Father had no more than a superficial knowledge of music.
- 2. The other injured man had a superficial stomach wound.
- 3. Their arguments do not withstand the most superficial scrutiny.
- 4. Spain may well look different but the changes are superficial.
- 5. Under stress these people will appear to be superficial, over-eager and manipulative.
[ superficial 造句 ]