- vi. 下沉；消沉；渗透
- vt. 使下沉；挖掘；使低落
- n. 水槽；洗涤槽；污水坑
- n. (Sink)人名；(英、瑞典)辛克
CET4 TEM4 IELTS 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 sincan,下沉，下陷，来自 Proto-Germanic*senkwan,下沉，下陷，来自 PIE*sengw, 下沉，下陷，词源同 sag,saggy.
- sink: [OE] Sink is a general Germanic verb, with relatives in German sinken, Dutch zinken, Swedish sjunka, and Danish synke. But where their common Germanic ancestor came from is not known. These days, sink means both ‘go below water’ and ‘cause to go below water’, but originally it was used only for the former. There was a separate but closely related verb, sench, for ‘cause to sink’, which died out in the 14th century. The noun sink  originally denoted a pit ‘sunk’ in the ground for receiving water.
- sink (v.)
- Old English sincan (intransitive) "become submerged, go under, subside" (past tense sanc, past participle suncen), from Proto-Germanic *senkwan (cognates: Old Saxon sinkan, Old Norse sökkva, Middle Dutch sinken, Dutch zinken, Old High German sinkan, German sinken, Gothic sigqan), from PIE root *sengw- "to sink."
The transitive use (mid-13c.) supplanted Middle English sench (compare drink/drench) which died out 14c. Related: Sank; sunk; sinking. Sinking fund is from 1724. Adjective phrase sink or swim is from 1660s. To sink without a trace is World War I military jargon, translating German spurlos versenkt.
- sink (n.)
- early 15c., "cesspool, pit for reception of wastewater or sewage," from sink (v.). Figurative sense of "place where corruption and vice abound" is from 1520s. Meaning "drain for carrying water to a sink" is from late 15c. Sense of "shallow basin (especially in a kitchen) with a drainpipe for carrying off dirty water" first recorded 1560s. In science and technical use, "place where heat or other energy is removed from a system" (opposite of source), from 1855.
- 1. In a naval battle your aim is to sink the enemy's ship.
- 2. Make sure the draining board, sink and plug hole are regularly disinfected.
- 3. She went to the sink and ran water into her empty glass.
- 4. The knife for cutting sausage was sitting in the sink.
- 5. Joanne stood with her hands on the sink, staring out the window.
[ sink 造句 ]