- vt. 谋杀，凶杀
- n. 谋杀，凶杀
- vi. 杀人，犯杀人罪
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
- murder: [OE] The ultimate source of murder is the Indo-European base *mor-, *mr- ‘die’ (source also of English mortal). Its extension *mrt- produced a prehistoric Germanic *mortam (source of German, Swedish, and Danish mord and Dutch moord ‘murder’) and *murthram, from which comes English murder.
- murder (n.)
- c. 1300, murdre, from Old English morðor (plural morþras) "secret killing of a person, unlawful killing," also "mortal sin, crime; punishment, torment, misery," from Proto-Germanic *murthra- (cognates: Goth maurþr, and, from a variant form of the same root, Old Saxon morth, Old Frisian morth, Old Norse morð, Middle Dutch moort, Dutch moord, German Mord "murder"), from PIE *mrtro-, from root *mer- "to die" (see mortal (adj.)). The spelling with -d- probably reflects influence of Anglo-French murdre, from Old French mordre, from Medieval Latin murdrum, from the Germanic root.
Viking custom, typical of Germanic, distinguished morð (Old Norse) "secret slaughter," from vig (Old Norse) "slaying." The former involved concealment, or slaying a man by night or when asleep, and was a heinous crime. The latter was not a disgrace, if the killer acknowledged his deed, but he was subject to vengeance or demand for compensation.
Mordre wol out that se we day by day. [Chaucer, "Nun's Priest's Tale," c. 1386]Weakened sense of "very unpleasant situation" is from 1878.
- murder (v.)
- Old English myrðrian, from Proto-Germanic *murthjan (cognates: Old High German murdran, German mördren, Gothic maurþjan; see murder (n.)). Related: Murdered; murdering.
- 1. At the entry for " kill " , my thesaurus lists " murder " , " assassinate " and " waste " .
- 我的同义词词典在kill条目中列出murder, assassinate, waste 词条.
- 2. 13 men have been questioned in connection with the murder.
- 3. She denied the murder of four children who were in her care.
- 4. Mr Farmer and Mrs Jones both admitted conspiring to murder her husband.
- 5. I know of no one who would want to murder Albert.
[ murder 造句 ]