- finish[finish 词源字典]
- finish:  The Latin verb *fīnīre, a derivative of fīnis ‘end, limit’, signified ‘limit’ as well as ‘complete’, but it is the latter which has come down to English via feniss-, the stem of Old French fenir. The Latin past participle, fīnītus, gave English finite .
=> final, finance, fine, finite[finish etymology, finish origin, 英语词源]
- finish (v.)
- late 14c., "to bring to an end;" mid-15c., "to come to an end" (intransitive), from Old French finiss-, present participle stem of fenir "stop, finish, come to an end; die" (13c.), from Latin finire "to limit, set bounds; put an end to; come to an end," from finis "that which divides, a boundary, border," figuratively "a limit, an end, close, conclusion; an extremity, highest point; greatest degree," which is of unknown origin, perhaps related to figere "to fasten, fix" (see fix (v.)). Meaning "to kill, terminate the existence of" is from 1755.
- finish (n.)
- 1779, "that which finishes or gives completion," from finish (v.). Meaning "the end" is from 1790. Finish line attested from 1873.