- n. 大步；步幅；进展
- vt. 跨过；大踏步走过；跨坐在…
- vi. 跨；跨过；大步行走
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1. strive, strife 是同源词(v <-->f)，因此它们的含义很相近；其实，stride 与 strive, strife 也是同源词，只是 stride 的引申义引申得比较远，因此仅从含义上看不出它们的同源性。
2. 古高地德语：*strit- "fight, combat, contention; quarrel, dispute" => 古法语：*strit- / *strif- "quarrel, dispute" => strife => strive.
3. 古高地德语：*strit- "fight, combat, contention" => *strid- => stride (其字面含义，其实就是两条腿之间的对峙、竞争，两条腿怎样才能形成对峙呢，当然就是叉开腿，形成跨步、跨立姿势)，由此引申出了如今的含义，straddle 就是 stride 的同源同引申义的词.
4. *strid- => *strad- + -le (双写d加-le, 反复体后缀)。
5. st- (stand => st-) + ride => stride, 当然就是站着往前大步走了。
6. stride => straddle.
来自古英语 stridan,跨坐，上马，来自 Proto-Germanic*stridanan,斗争，争斗，词源同 strife,strive. 可能来自 PIE*ster,展开，铺开，伸展，词源同 strew,structure,strand.该词在其大多数日耳曼同 源词中都保留原义斗争，争斗，吵架，争吵，在英语中引申词义大步走，阔步走可能是取其 奋勇向前之意。
- stride: [OE] Stride comes from a prehistoric Germanic base *strīd-, whose other descendants (German streiten and Dutch strijden ‘quarrel’, Swedish and Danish strid ‘strife, affliction’) suggest a basic underlying meaning ‘severity, great effort’. There may also be a link with English strife and strive. Straddle  comes from a variant of the same base. The use of the plural noun strides for ‘trousers’ dates from the late 19th century.
- stride (v.)
- Old English stridan (past tense strad, past participle striden), "to straddle, mount" (a horse), from Proto-Germanic *stridanan (cognates: Middle Low German strede "stride, strive;" Old Saxon stridian, Danish stride, Swedish strida "to fight," Dutch stridjen, Old High German stritan, German etreiten "to fight, contend, struggle," Old Norse striðr "strong, hard, stubborn, severe").
The sense connection in the various Germanic forms is perhaps "strive, make a strong effort;" the senses having to do with walking and standing are found only in English and Low German. Meaning "to walk with long or extended steps" is from c. 1200. Cognate words in most Germanic languages mean "to fight, struggle;" the notion behind the English usage might be the effort involved in making long strides, striving forward.
- stride (n.)
- "a step in walking," especially a long one, from Old English stride "a stride, a step," from the root of stride (v.). Compare Dutch strijd, Old High German strit, German Streit "fight, contention, combat," Swedish and Danish strid "combat, contention." From c. 1300 as a measure of distance roughly the length of a stride. Figurative meaning "advance rapidly, make progress" is from c. 1600. Of animals (especially horses) from early 17c. To take (something) in stride (1832), i.e. "without change of gait," originally is of horses leaping hedges in the hunting-field; figurative sense attested from 1902. To hit (one's) stride is from horse-racing. Jazz music stride tempo is attested from 1938. Meaning "a standing with the legs apart, a straddle" is from 1590s.
- 1. He's still learning and when he hits his stride, he'll be unstoppable.
- 2. Beth was struck by how Naomi took the mistake in her stride.
- 3. He lengthened his stride to keep up with her.
- 4. The campaign is just getting into its stride.
- 5. In a big stride he came out of the room.
[ stride 造句 ]