英 [before a consonant ðə; before a vowel; ðɪ; stressed; ðiː]
- art. 这；那
- adv. 更加（用于比较级，最高级前）
CET4 TEM4 考 研 CET6
来自古英语 the,那个，来自 PIE*to,指示代词，词源同 this,that.
- the: [OE] The nominative forms of the Old English definite article were se (masculine), sēo (feminine), and thæt (neuter – ancestor of modern English that). In the late Old English period se was replaced by the, probably an eroded version of that and perhaps the same word as the Old English relative particle the. Its drafting in to take the place of se was no doubt promoted by the fact that all the inflected forms of the Old English definite article (thone, thæm, thæs, etc) began with th-. When the distinction between genders began to die out in the early Middle English period, the took over as the general form.
=> that, then, there, this, though
- definite article, late Old English þe, nominative masculine form of the demonstrative pronoun and adjective. After c.950, it replaced earlier se (masc.), seo (fem.), þæt (neuter), and probably represents se altered by the th- form which was used in all the masculine oblique cases (see below).
Old English se is from PIE root *so- "this, that" (cognates: Sanskrit sa, Avestan ha, Greek ho, he "the," Irish and Gaelic so "this"). For the þ- forms, see that. The s- forms were entirely superseded in English by mid-13c., excepting a slightly longer dialectal survival in Kent. Old English used 10 different words for "the" (see table), but did not distinguish "the" from "that." That survived for a time as a definite article before vowels (that one or that other).
Adverbial use in the more the merrier, the sooner the better, etc. is a relic of Old English þy, the instrumentive case of the neuter demonstrative (see that).
- 1. In " the black cat " the adjective " black " modifies the noun " cat " .
- 在the black cat这一词组中,形容词 black 修饰名词cat.
- 2. The best thing to do when entering unknown territory is smile.
- 3. The world breaks everyone, and afterward, many are stronger at the broken places.
- 4. Carpe diem. Seize the day, boys. Make your lives extraordinary.
- 5. When life gets hard and you want to give up, remember that life is full of ups and downs, and without the downs, the ups would mean nothing.
[ the 造句 ]