- vi. 旋转；纺纱；吐丝；晕眩
- vt. 使旋转；纺纱；编造；结网
- n. 旋转；疾驰
CET4 TEM4 IELTS GRE 考 研 CET6
1. spin => *spinder => spider (literally "spinner").
2. spider => spin.
3. spin => spider, spindle, spinster.
来自古英语 spinnan,纺纱，织线，来自 Proto-Germanic*spenwan,弯，转，纺织，来自 PIE*spen, 弯，转，纺织，词源同 spider,spinner.引申诸相关词义。
- spin: [OE] Spin is a general Germanic word, with relatives in German and Dutch spinnen, Swedish spinna, and Danish spinde. It goes back ultimately to a prehistoric Indo-European base *spen- or *pen- ‘stretch’ which also produced English span, Lithuanian pinti ‘plait’, and Old Church Slavonic peti ‘stretch’. English words derived from it or its immediate Germanic ancestor include spider, spill ‘slip of wood’, spindle [OE], and spinster  (originally a ‘female spinner’, and not used as a designation of an unmarried woman until the 17th century).
=> spider, spill, spindle, spinster
- spin (v.)
- Old English spinnan (transitive) "draw out and twist fibers into thread," strong verb (past tense spann, past participle spunnen), from Proto-Germanic *spenwan (cognates: Old Norse and Old Frisian spinna, Danish spinde, Dutch spinnen, Old High German spinnan, German spinnen, Gothic spinnan), from PIE *spen-wo-, from root *(s)pen- "to draw, stretch, spin" (cognates: Armenian henum "I weave;" Greek patos "garment," literally "that which is spun;" Lithuanian pinu "I plait, braid," spandau "I spin;" Middle Welsh cy-ffiniden "spider;" see span (v.)).
Intransitive senses of "to form threads from fibrous stuff; to twist, writhe" developed in late Old English. Transitive sense of "cause to turn rapidly" is from 1610s; intransitive meaning "revolve, turn around rapidly" first recorded 1660s. Meaning "attempt to influence reporters' minds after an event has taken place but before they have written about it" seems to have risen to popularity in the 1984 U.S. presidential campaign; as in spin doctor, first attested 1984.
- spin (n.)
- 1831, "a rapid revolving motion," from spin (v.). Meaning "fairly rapid ride" is from 1856. Sense of "a twisting delivery in throwing or striking a ball" is from 1851. Sense in physics is from 1926. Meaning "act of playing a phonograph record" is from 1977. Meaning "influence imparted by a media source" is from 1984.
- 1. The boat started to spin around in the water.
- 2. Poor Jane was in rather a spin about the party.
- 3. The Government will try to spin out the conference into next autumn.
- 4. The company put out a report on commercial spin-offs from its research.
- 5. Corven plans to help large companies spin out smaller, entrepreneurial firms.
[ spin 造句 ]