- n. 步枪；来复枪
- vt. 用步枪射击；抢夺；偷走
CET4 TEM4 GRE 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自古法语 rifler,掠夺，抢劫，刮，来自 Proto-Germanic*rifana,刮，抢，来自 PIE*rei,撕，砍， 抓，词源同 rive,rift.引申词义挖槽，词义来复枪缩写自 rifled pistol,槽孔火枪。-le,表反复。
- rifle (n.)
- 1775, "portable firearm having a spirally grooved bore," used earlier of the grooves themselves (1751), noun use of rifled (pistol), 1680s, from verb meaning "to cut spiral grooves in" (a gun barrel); see rifle (v.2).
- rifle (v.1)
- "to plunder," early 14c. (implied in rifling), from Old French rifler "strip, filch, plunder, peel off (skin or bark), fleece," literally "to graze, scratch" (12c.), probably from a Germanic source (compare Old English geriflian "to wrinkle," Old High German riffilon "to tear by rubbing," Old Norse rifa "to tear, break"). Related: Rifled; rifling.
- rifle (v.2)
- "to cut spiral grooves in" (a gun barrel), 1630s, probably from French rifler, from Old French rifler "to scratch or groove" (see rifle (v.1)). Related: Rifled; rifling.
- 1. They shot him at point blank range with an automatic rifle.
- 2. He fixed a bayonet to the end of his rifle.
- 3. Neighbours heard the sound of rifle fire and alerted the police.
- 4. Tom was leading, a rifle slung over his back.
- 5. Troops used tear gas and rifle butts to break up the protests.
[ rifle 造句 ]