英 ['miːtɪə; -tɪɔː]
来自希腊语ta meteora,天体现象，天空之上，来自meta-,在上，-eora,空中的，词源同air.引申词义气象。后特别用于指流星，可能因流星比较有代表性。其原义见：aerial meteors,风；aqueous meteors,雨；luminous meteors,极光；igneous meteors,流星。
- meteor:  Greek metéōron meant literally ‘something high up’, and was used to denote ‘phenomena in the sky or heavens’. It was a compound noun formed from the intensive prefix metá- and *eōr-, a variant form of the base of the verb aeírein ‘raise’. When English first took it over, via medieval Latin meteōrum, it was still in the sense ‘phenomenon of the atmosphere or weather’ (‘hoar frosts … and such like cold meteors’, Abraham Fleming, Panoplie of Epistles 1576), an application which survives, of course, in the derivative meteorology .
The earliest evidence of the specific use of meteor for a ‘shooting star’ comes from the end of the 16th century. The derivative meteorite, for a meteor that hits the ground, was coined in the early 19th century.
- meteor (n.)
- late 15c., "any atmospheric phenomenon," from Middle French meteore (13c.) and directly from Medieval Latin meteorum (nominative meteora), from Greek ta meteora "the celestial phenomena, things in heaven above," plural of meteoron, literally "thing high up," noun use of neuter of meteoros (adj.) "high up, raised from the ground, hanging," from meta- "over, beyond" (see meta-) + -aoros "lifted, hovering in air," related to aeirein "to raise" (see aorta).
Specific sense of "fireball, shooting star" is attested from 1590s. Atmospheric phenomena were formerly classified as aerial meteors (wind), aqueous meteors (rain, snow, hail), luminous meteors (aurora, rainbows), and igneous meteors (lightning, shooting stars).
- 1. A bright shooting star, or meteor, is an unforgettable sight.
- 2. Like a flash of lightning, the meteor shot across the sky.
- 3. It was made by a meteor that fell from space.
- 4. At several specific times of a year, great meteor showers occur.
- 在一年的几个特定时间里, 会发生大规模的流星雨.
- 5. A meteor shot across the sky.
[ meteor 造句 ]