CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
前缀ac-同ad-. 词根cid, 1.落，见deciduous,落叶的。2.砍，见decide,决定。此处指突外掉落的，意外。
前缀ac-同ad-. 词根claim, 叫，同call, 叫。来自词根kele, 拟声词，呼叫。
- accident:  Etymologically, an accident is simply ‘something which happens’ – ‘an event’. That was what the word originally meant in English, and it was only subsequently that the senses ‘something which happens by chance’ and ‘mishap’ developed. It comes from the Latin verb cadere ‘fall’ (also the source of such diverse English words as case, decadent, and deciduous).
The addition of the prefix ad- ‘to’ produced accidere, literally ‘fall to’, hence ‘happen to’. Its present participle was used as an adjective in the Latin phrase rēs accidēns ‘thing happening’, and accidēns soon took on the role of a noun on its own, passing (in its stem form accident-) into Old French and thence into English.
=> case, decadent, deciduous
- accident (n.)
- late 14c., "an occurrence, incident, event," from Old French accident (12c.), from Latin accidentem (nominative accidens), present participle of accidere "happen, fall out, fall upon," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + cadere "fall" (see case (n.1)). Meaning grew from "something that happens, an event," to "something that happens by chance," then "mishap." Philosophical sense "non-essential characteristic of a thing" is late 14c. Meaning "unplanned child" is attested by 1932.
- 1. Captain Cook safely navigated his ship without accident for 100 voyages.
- 2. Through some unfortunate accident, the information reached me a day late.
- 3. The police say his death was an accident, officially at least.
- 4. The accident happened on a notorious black spot on the A43.
- 5. The police say the killing of the young man was an accident.
[ accident 造句 ]