- n. 框架；结构；[电影] 画面
- vt. 设计；建造；陷害；使…适合
- vi. 有成功希望
- adj. 有木架的；有构架的
- n. (Frame)人名；(英)弗雷姆
CET4 TEM4 考 研 TOEFL CET6
来自PIE*pro, 向前，词源同forth, from, proceed. 其原义为向前，推进，用来指建筑框架和基础结构。后词义通用化。
- frame: [OE] Frame comes from the preposition from, whose underlying notion is of ‘forward progress’. This was incorporated into a verb framian in Old English times, which meant ‘make progress’. Its modern meaning started to develop in the early Middle English period, from ‘prepare, make ready’, via the more specific ‘prepare timber for building’, to ‘construct, shape’ (the Middle English transitive uses may have been introduced by the related Old Norse fremija).
The noun frame was derived from the verb in the 14th century. Incidentally, if the connection between from and frame should seem at first sight far-fetched, it is paralleled very closely by furnish, which came from the same prehistoric Germanic source as from.
- frame (v.)
- Old English framian "to profit, be helpful, avail, benefit," from fram (adj., adv.) "active, vigorous, bold," originally "going forward," from fram (prep.) "forward; from" (see from). Influenced by related Old English fremman "help forward, promote; do, perform, make, accomplish," and Old Norse fremja "to further, execute." Compare German frommen "avail, profit, benefit, be of use."
Sense focused in Middle English from "make ready" (mid-13c.) to "prepare timber for building" (late 14c.). Meaning "compose, devise" is first attested 1540s. The criminal slang sense of "blame an innocent person" (1920s) is probably from earlier sense of "plot in secret" (1900), perhaps ultimately from meaning "fabricate a story with evil intent," which is first attested 1510s. Related: Framed; framing.
- frame (n.)
- c. 1200, "profit, benefit, advancement;" mid-13c. "a structure composed according to a plan," from frame (v.) and in part from Scandinavian cognates (Old Norse frami "advancement"). In late 14c. it also meant "the rack."
Meaning "sustaining parts of a structure fitted together" is from c. 1400. Meaning "enclosing border" of any kind is from c. 1600; specifically "border or case for a picture or pane of glass" from 1660s. The meaning "human body" is from 1590s. Of bicycles, from 1871; of motor cars, from 1900. Meaning "separate picture in a series from a film" is from 1916. From 1660s in the meaning "particular state" (as in Frame of mind, 1711). Frame of reference is 1897, from mechanics and graphing; the figurative sense is attested from 1924.
- frame (adj.)
- (of buildings), "made of wood," 1790, American English, from frame (n.).
- 1. He was innocent and the victim of a frame-up.
- 2. He learned how to draw the unclothed human frame.
- 3. We painted our table to match the window frame in the bedroom.
- 4. I need to find out who tried to frame me.
- 5. After the war, a convention was set up to frame a constitution.
[ frame 造句 ]