英 ['deɪtɪv] 美 ['detɪv]
  • n. 与格语;与格
  • adj. 与格的
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dative 与格的

来自PIE*do, 给予,词源同donate, dowry. 用做语法格。

dative (adj.)
mid-15c., from Latin dativus "pertaining to giving," from datus "given" (see date (n.1)); in grammatical use from Greek dotike (ptosis) "dative (case)," from dotikos "of giving nature," from dotos "given," from PIE root *do- "to give," from the same PIE root as the Latin word. In law, "that may be disposed of at pleasure," from 1530s. Typically the case of the indirect object, but sometimes also denoting "motion toward." In old Germanic languages, the "fourth case," catch-all for Indo-European dative, ablative, locative, and other cases.
1. In Latin, several verbs govern the dative.
在拉丁语中, 有些动词要求与格的宾语.


[ dative 造句 ]