haggard

英 ['hægəd] 美 ['hæɡɚd]
  • adj. 憔悴的;野性的
  • n. 野鹰
  • n. (Haggard)人名;(英)哈格德
TEM8 GRE
星级词汇:
haggard
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1. hag => haggard.
2. 谐音“骸骨的”----瘦的只剩下骸骨了-消瘦的
3. hedge => haggard. 表示未驯服的野鹰停栖用的树篱。由此表示从野外捉回来的野鹰。其实 hedge 在这里的含义为引申义“ catch, seize”。
haggard 疲惫的,憔悴的

词源不确定,可能来自古法语faulcon hagard,野鹰,被抓获的猎鹰,来自古英语haga,树篱,篱笆,围栏,词源同haw,hedge.因野鹰的天性狂野,桀骜不驯,被抓获后常绝食而亡,因此引申词义消瘦的,后用为形容人憔悴的。或来自hag,老巫婆。

haggard
haggard: [16] Haggard was originally a falconer’s term for a hawk as yet untamed. It has been suggested that its ultimate source was Germanic *khag-, which also produced English hedge, the implication being that a haggard was a hawk that sat in a hedge rather than on the falconer’s arm. The modern meaning ‘gaunt’ developed in the 17th century, probably by association with hag ‘ugly old woman’ [13] (perhaps a shortening of Old English hægtesse ‘witch’, a word of unknown origin related to German hexe ‘witch’).
=> hedge
haggard (adj.)
1560s, "wild, unruly" (originally in reference to hawks), from Middle French haggard, probably from Old French faulcon hagard "wild falcon," literally "falcon of the woods," from hagard, hagart, from Middle High German hag "hedge, copse, wood," from Proto-Germanic *hagon, from PIE root *kagh- "to catch, seize;" also "wickerwork, fence" (see hedge (n.)). OED, however, finds this derivation "very doubtful." Sense perhaps reinforced by Low German hager "gaunt, haggard." Sense of "with a haunted and wild expression" first recorded 1690s; that of "careworn" first recorded 1853. Sense influenced by association with hag. Related: Haggardly; haggardness.
1. Nick glanced around at the haggard faces watching him.
尼克环视着盯着自己的那一张张憔悴的面孔。

来自柯林斯例句

2. She was looking very haggard and worn.
她看上去非常憔悴和疲惫。

来自柯林斯例句

3. He looked haggard about the eyes and quite old.
他的眼圈边露出憔悴,人也显得苍老.

来自英汉文学 - 嘉莉妹妹

4. He was pale and a bit haggard.
他面黄肌瘦。

来自辞典例句

5. Her whole face had changed in that instant, becoming almost haggard.
她的脸上登时变了色, 简直变得消瘦了.

来自辞典例句

[ haggard 造句 ]