CET6+ TEM8 IELTS GRE
1. curtus "short, cut short, cut off, shortened" => curtail.
2. 同源词：curt, curtail.
3. Originally curtal, used of horses with docked tails, which probably influenced the spelling.
4. => make short.
5. （记）cur+tail 谐音"割尾巴"；联想"截短，缩短"
来自PIE*sker, 剪，切，词源同shear, short. -ault, 贬义后缀，词源同valiant, 勇敢的，顽固的。比较-ard, 贬义后缀，来自hard, 见bastard. 原指剪短尾巴的马，拼写受tail影响俗化。
- curtail:  The now defunct English noun curtal meant ‘horse with a docked tail’. It was borrowed in the 16th century from French courtault, a derivative of the adjective court ‘short’. Like English curt  this came from Latin curtus ‘cut off, shortened’, which in common with English short and shear, can be traced back to an Indo-European base *ker- or *sker- ‘cut’. In the late 16th century the noun was converted into a verb, originally meaning literally ‘dock a horse’, and the close semantic link with ‘tails’ led to its alteration to curtail.
=> cuirass, curt, shear, shirt, short, skirt
- curtail (v.)
- late 15c., from Middle French courtault "made short," from court "short" (Old French cort, from Latin curtus; see curt) + -ault pejorative suffix of Germanic origin. Originally curtal; used of horses with docked tails, which probably influenced the spelling in general use; curtal is retained in poetics to describe a "shortened" stanza or poem. Related: Curtailed; curtailing.
- 1. I told Louie that old age would curtail her activities in time.
- 2. NATO plans to curtail the number of troops being sent to the region.
- 3. It is necessary to curtail or alter normally coexisting stimuli.
- 4. Again the purpose of this action was to curtail inflation.
- 5. In all cases we'll curtail baggage handling.
[ curtail 造句 ]