- vt. 卷；滚动，转动；辗
- vi. 卷；滚动；转动；起伏，摇晃
- n. 卷，卷形物；名单；摇晃
- n. (Roll)人名；(英、法、德、俄、罗、葡、捷、挪、西、瑞典)罗尔
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来自古法语 rolle,纸卷，文件，来自拉丁语 rotulus,纸卷，来自 rota,轮子，词源同 rotary,round. 引申诸相关词义。
- roll: English has two words roll, both of which go back ultimately to Latin rotulus ‘small wheel’, a diminutive form of rota ‘wheel’ (source of English rotate, rotund, round, etc). This passed via Old French rolle into English as roll ‘rolledup parchment’ . The modern French version of the word has given English role , whose underlying notion is of a ‘rolled-up’ piece of paper with the actor’s lines written on it. From rotulus was derived the Vulgar Latin verb *rotulāre, which has given English its verb roll . Control comes from the same source.
=> control, rota, rotate, round
- roll (n.)
- early 13c., "rolled-up piece of parchment or paper" (especially one inscribed with an official record), from Old French rolle "document, parchment scroll, decree" (12c.), from Medieval Latin rotulus "a roll of paper" (source also of Spanish rollo, Italian rullo), from Latin rotula "small wheel," diminutive of rota "wheel" (see rotary).
Meaning "a register, list, catalogue" is from late 14c., common from c. 1800. Meaning "dough which is rolled before baking" is first recorded mid-15c. Sense of "act of rolling" is from 1743. Meaning "quantity of material rolled up" is from late 14c.; meaning "quantity of paper money" is from 1846; sense of "quantity of (rolled) film" is from 1890. Meaning "act of sexual intercourse" is attested from 1942 (roll in the hay), from roll (v.). Dutch rol, German Rolle, Danish rulle, etc. are from French.
- roll (v.)
- c. 1300 "turn over and over, move by rotating" (intransitive); late 14c. as "to move (something) by turning it over and over;" from Old French roeller "roll, wheel round" (Modern French rouler), from Medieval Latin rotulare, from Latin rotula, diminutive of rota "wheel" (see rotary). Related: Rolled; rolling.
Of sounds (such as thunder) somehow suggestive of a rolling ball, 1590s; of a drum from 1680s. Of eyes, from late 14c. Of a movie camera, "to start filming," from 1938. Sense of "rob a stuporous drunk" is from 1873, from the action required to get to his pockets. To roll up "gather, congregate" is from 1861, originally Australian. To be on a roll is from 1976. To roll with the punches is a metaphor from boxing (1940). Heads will roll is a Hitlerism:
If our movement is victorious there will be a revolutionary tribunal which will punish the crimes of November 1918. Then decapitated heads will roll in the sand. 
- 1. The brothers usually roll into their studio around midday.
- 2. Rock'n'roll has become so commercialised and safe since punk.
- 3. A roll of fat jiggled on the underside of her arm.
- 4. "They play classic rock'n"roll,' states her boyfriend, "My dad digs them too."
- 5. Rock'n'roll has become so commercialized and safe since punk.
[ roll 造句 ]